Is about multiple, tangled webs of problems that are persistent; there may be beliefs that it is permanent. Ways out of this morass include:
- Dealing with real problems
- Tackle problems that cross-organizational boundaries that fall between the cracks
- Give power to local people – ask them to be catalysts for change. They will need support, training and encouragement.
- Let people who implement things be a bit strange
- Involve local people from the start – change from doing to to doing with
Social capital consists of the networks, norms, relationships, values and informal sanctions that shape the quantity and co-operative quality of a society’s social interactions.
There are three main types of social capital:
- Bonding social capital (e.g. among family members or ethnic groups)
- Bridging social capital (e.g. across ethnic groups)
- Linking social capital (e.g. between different social classes)
Social capital can be measured using a range of indicators but the most commonly used measure is trust in other people;